There are many different ways that we can date a site or specific artifact. We can look broadly at the contextual history of the area, look at how a glass bottle was constructed, or use construction material like nails to create broad date ranges. Specifically with ceramics there are several ways to establish a time frame for the artifact including: paste thickness, decoration style, rim construction, colors used, as well as size and shape. Most ceramic companies have well documented records for the changes made to their unique marks, making it relatively simple to establish a date range for most marked ceramics. But sometimes with 19th century British ceramics we get every more lucky and can establish the specific date the ceramic was produced on. This occurs when we are fortunate enough to have a British Registered Design mark. This is akin to a patent or copyright trademark today.
Dating registered design numbers
Ascertaining the date of production of a piece is integral to its collectability and marketability and can be achieved in a number of ways. The form and style of decoration give a first clue to the age of a domestic ceramic, but the Doulton marks and various other dating conventions usually allow a more accurate date to be placed on a particular piece. Caution is necessary, however as can be appreciated in the example below.
Even taking into account sometimes conflicting information, relatively accurate dating can be achieved with attention to the following clues:. No piece will have all of these clues, but one or more will usually be present.
We can either copy our records onto paper or deliver them to you digitally. Visit us in Kew to see original documents or view online records for free. Consider paying for research. We hold copies of these designs in the form of drawings, paintings, photographs and product samples, sent to the Designs Registry, part of the Board of Trade, to be registered for copyright protection between and As registration was not compulsory, there are many commercially produced designs which you will not find in our records.
For advice on modern-day registrations contact the Intellectual Property Office. Until there had been copyright protection in the UK for some textiles, but most areas of the decorative arts, such as glass, metalwork, ceramics and wallpapers, had no copyright protection at all. From , to apply for copyright protection you had to submit your design to the newly created Designs Registry, part of the Board of Trade and later to fall under the jurisdiction of the Patent Office.
Registration protected the decorative elements of the design from being copied and manufactured without permission. Today designs are registered with the Intellectual Property Office. Although the system used for registering designs continued to change as subsequent Acts of Parliament extended and amended design copyright law, from the process always involved two basic record types: representations and registers.
When a design was submitted for copyright protection, details were added to two different types of records: design registers and representation books.
Researching Shelley – Registered Numbers
Our case management facility and registers will be unavailable from pm NZT on Friday, 21 August These will be available once more by Monday, 24 August We apologise for the inconvenience. Trade Mark Check allows you to easily check for marks like yours on the register.
Statutory right – accrues only on registration – Criteria for Design Registration Filling of. Applications. Numbering &. Dating of. Applications. Examination of.
The Copyright of Design Act initiated the use of the diamond registration mark used to confirm that a design has been registered in Britain. The diamond contained enough information to allow identification from the official records held by the Patent Office. There was a letter to represent the year so the first series ran from to Other letters identified the day and month of registration, the material and bundle number.
By shifting the positions of the identifiers, a second series was started and lasted until The Patents, Designs and Trade Marks Act of rationalised the system and thereafter only a number series was used. The system of registering designs with a specific number was introduced at the end of It superseded the previous ‘Diamond’ registrations. Such designs could then be produced in quantity for as long as needed or fashionable and numbers therefore only give the earliest date in which an object could have been produced.
Since improvements in design have always been a driving force in the industrial societies, many of the numbers would only have been used for a few years and therefore do give a helpful guide. The numbers can be used to assess the first year of manufacture from these approximate figures showing the first numbers issued each year Numbers after are taken from the graph below, plotted from PRO files. Other sources may vary.
Search for existing trade marks
Table of Contents. Registration No. Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter.
The Registered Number, usually written as Rd on the piece of pottery, gives the date when that design was registered to prevent copying, but it could have been.
The number is usually six digits long but can be less. It is normally preceded by ‘Rd’. The following list is not complete but lists the known registered numbers for the Wileman and Shelley Companies. The original combined shape and patterned numbers were often used on later ware with the pattern on a different shape or the shape with a different pattern. This list is from the original registrations which do not record either pattern or shape number – this information was added from actual pieces and books.
Potts but the ware was produced by Wileman and Shelley and are included in this list. All rights reserved. Shape or Pattern Description of Representation in Register. Notes Nos.
Where are you registered? Understanding British Registered Design Marks
Parts found in many American clocks may be marked with one or more United States patent numbers. This chart will show you the earliest possible date an item marked with a patent date could have been made. Such a patent date does not always mean a patent was actually issued for the design.
or “Encyclopedia of British Pottery & Porcelain Marks” under Registered Designs. Backstamp – EST to But the Registration number dates to
If you’re lucky, you may find small numbers impressed into the base of the piece in mm. So BIG numbers are pattern shapes, or occasionally the size in inches. Otherwise, the following information should help you to date your pieces of Maling. You have: A list of painted pattern numbers used by the factory, with approximate dates; A table which should help you to date pieces which carry a Registered Number. A separate page of known Maling Pattern Numbers and Names Maling pattern dates Maling appear to have used two main sequences of pattern numbers: the first probably running from c.
Poor man’s copyright
Our research indicates that this is the most comprehensive public archive of such textiles in the world, and one that offers an extraordinary resource for researchers. In this article, we demonstrate how these textiles are material evidence of a hugely important trade that had an impact on life both in Africa and the UK. The article discusses the historical context of these archived textiles and the characteristics that distinguish them from examples held in other collections and archives.
Drawing upon a pilot project that assessed the scope and significance of these textile samples, the article evaluates their potential as a resource for design historians. The pilot began an ongoing research project that aims to produce a comprehensive study of factory-printed UK textiles exported to Africa. On a dark blue cloth, bands of thin white lines and rectangular sections of multi-coloured stripes and geometric shapes imbue the textile with communicative power and transmit cultural meaning .
Purchase Tax. Islamic Calendar References Dating of American Patent Numbers. Diamond Registration Marks (Lozenge Marks). The Copyright of Design Act.
Watching the experts at antique roadshows or on auction house valuation days, you probably wonder just how they get so much information about a teacup, vase or a piece of silver simply by turning the item upside down. The fact is the markings that are stamped, painted or impressed on the underside of most antique items can help you tell a great deal about a piece other than just who made it. The name of the pottery manufacturer and an approximate date of manufacture can be discovered if the piece of pottery has a backstamp or the silver item has a hallmark.
A makers mark that they have learned over many years spent researching and studying antique marks. Dating an antique is a little like detective work. The company name itself only gives the appraiser a rough timeline of when the company was known to operate. Famous companies such as Wedgwood , Meissen , Doulton , Minton , Derby and Worcester all use a variety of numerical or symbolic china marks that can, with just a little knowledge and analysis, give you the exact date of production.
However, few collectors, buyers or sellers have the ability to memorise all china marka, signatures or number codes used on antiques.
Industrial designs guide
World’s Largest Selection of Wicks! Wicks for virtually every heater, stove and lamp made since Very unique lamp designs intended for sale in the UK sometimes had design numbers. The following metalware information was formerly available on the Oxton Decorative Arts web site:. This was a system which came into being in and started to decline in the early s.
d. who decides on the date of implementation, and who should be informed; The author requests a new registration number from the SOP administrator or.
All of our Belleek’s Giftware marks, with minor exceptions, include symbols which are unmistakably Irish — The Irish Wolfhound with head turned to face the Round Tower believed to be modelled on Fermanagh’s own Devenish Round Tower, the Irish Harp and sprigs of shamrock which border the ends of the banner at base of each design and carries the single word Belleek. The colour of the mark during this period was predominantly black but other colours were used, amongst them red, blue, orange, green, brown, and pink.
Some pieces of Belleek also carry the British Patent Office registration mark which gives the date of registration, not the date the piece was manufactured. During this period Belleek also used impressed mark, with the words “Belleek,CO. The latter are more usually found on Earthenware piece. The mark is black. Sometimes discolouration or fading is seen in this mark.
British Registered Design numbers (1842 to 1944)
Poor man’s copyright is a method of using registered dating by the postal service ,  a notary public or other highly trusted source to date intellectual property , thereby helping to establish that the material has been in one’s possession since a particular time. The concept is based on the notion that, in the event that such intellectual property were to be misused by a third party, the poor-man’s copyright would at least establish a legally recognized date of possession before any proof which a third party may possess.
In countries with no central copyright registration authority, it can be difficult for an author to prove when their work was created. The United Kingdom Patent Office says this:.
They are normally simple stamped numbers of three, four or five digits, Do not fall into the trap of assuming that a four digit number like ” is a date – it isn’t! Very occasionally you will find patent or registered design numbers, but these.
British Registered Design numbers to introduction The lists on the following pages are of Registered Design numbers allocated to glassware, which we hope may be of help in identifying the manufacturers of many marked pieces of glass Marks on objects appear in the form of either a Registered Design lozenge or just a number, either moulded into pressed glass, or etched with acid or diamond-point , gilded or enamelled on hand-blown glass.
Each entry in our lists shows the Registered Design number, the name of the manufacturer or importer, wholesaler or retailer who registered the design, and the date of registration N. A design might be in continuous production for many years after being registered, so dates should not be taken as dates of manufacture. Also, our lists only include designs for decorative glassware, and only those by major manufacturers, importers, wholesalers and retailers.
They do not contain Registered Designs for much commercial glassware i. British Registered Design lozenges: Shows you how to decipher a Registered Design lozenge, and lists designs registered in Britain by major glass manufacturers, importers, wholesalers and retailers, from to , when the lozenge system was in use British Registered Design numbers: A list of Registered Designs which appear as numbers usually prefixed by “Reg No.
This cataloguing covers many subjects including glass, ceramics, textiles, wood and metalware. The information will be uploaded to The Catalogue during Winter Spring